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Estonia at a glance


The Republic of Estonia was proclaimed on 24 February 1918. Estonia regained its independence on 20 August 1991 and has since embarked on a rapid program of social and economic reform.

Official name: Republic of Estonia

Head of State: President, webpage: president.ee

Government: Parliamentary Republic, single chamber Parliament (Riigikogu) of 101 members

National Currency: Euro

Membership: EU, NATO, OECD, Schengen area.

Total Area: 45,227 square km neighboring Finland, Sweden, Latvia and Russia.

Population: 1.3 million, 68% of the population lives in the urban areas.

Capital town: Tallinn (412,500 inhabitants)

Other Major Towns: Tartu (97,900), Narva (58,700), Pärnu (39,900) and Kohtla-Järve (36,900).

Language: Estonian, other languages such as English, Russian and Finnish are also widely spoken.

Main Religion: Lutheran

Labour: Employment rate was 63.0% and unemployment rate was 7.4% in 2014.

Economy growth: 2.1% (2014)

GDP per capita: 14 853.3 euros (2014)

Export of GDP: 85% (2014)

Most important export markets: Sweden, Finland, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania and Germany.

Most important export industries: Electrical machinery, mineral products, wood and wood products, furniture, mechanical equipment and beverages.

Major Natural Resources: Timber, oil shale, phosphorite, peat, limestone, dolomite

Time Zone: GMT + 2 hours

Distance from Tallinn: Helsinki 85 km, Riga 307 km, St Petersburg 395 km, Stockholm 405 km, Vilnius 605 km

Flight times: Helsinki 35 min, Stockholm 1 h, Copenhagen 1 h 30 min, Moscow 1 h 40 min, Amsterdam 2 h 20 min, London 2 h 45 min

Climate: Average daily temperature Annual mean +7.0 °C in January –6.4 °C in July +19.6 °C (2014)

Nature: 50% of the Estonian territory is covered by forest.

Source: Statistics Estonia